Navigating Maternal and Infant Health Challenges in Pakistan: A Comprehensive Overview


Maternal health, a pivotal aspect of a woman's well-being during pregnancy and beyond, faces formidable challenges in Pakistan. This blog aims to delve into the high maternal mortality rates, the intricate landscape of maternal health, and viable solutions to enhance both maternal and infant health in the country.

Maternal Health in Pakistan: A Grave Concern

Maternal Mortality Rates

Maternal mortality rates (MMR) in Pakistan reached an alarming 186 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2020. This statistic underscores a dire situation, emphasizing the urgency for comprehensive intervention.

Root Causes

Limited Healthcare Access: Especially prevalent in rural areas, inadequate access to quality healthcare services poses a significant barrier for pregnant women.

Poor Nutrition: Widespread malnutrition increases the vulnerability of women to pregnancy-related complications.

Early Marriage and Childbearing: Pervasive practices of early marriage and childbearing elevate the risk of maternal mortality.

Domestic Violence: The endemic issue of domestic violence further exacerbates women's health, including maternal well-being.

Addressing Maternal Mortality: 8 Strategies

Enhancing Healthcare Accessibility: Building healthcare infrastructure and training more healthcare professionals are pivotal steps.

Nutrition Improvement: Implementing nutrition education programs and ensuring access to nutritious foods is imperative.

Combatting Early Marriage: Education initiatives and creating opportunities for girls can help mitigate the risks associated with early marriage and childbearing.

Tackling Domestic Violence: Raising awareness and establishing support services for victims play a crucial role in preventing domestic violence.

Major Causes of Maternal Mortality

Hemorrhage: The leading cause, accounting for over 30% of maternal deaths.

Sepsis: Contributes to over 15% of maternal deaths.

Eclampsia and Pre-eclampsia: Responsible for 15-25% of maternal deaths.

Obstructed Labor and Abortion: Together, they account for 5-10% of maternal deaths.

Infant Mortality in Pakistan

As of 2023, Pakistan's infant mortality rate is 55.777 deaths per 1000 live births, reflecting a positive 1.95% decline from 2022. However, improvements are still necessary, as the rate remains above the global average.

Contributing Factors

Maternal Mortality: A significant factor leading to infant mortality.

Malnutrition: Weakens infants, making them more susceptible to diseases.

Infectious Diseases: Pneumonia and diarrhea contribute to infant mortality.

Lack of Healthcare Access: Many families lack access to quality healthcare, hindering proper care for infants.

Strategies for Improvement

Enhance Healthcare Access: Build more facilities and train additional healthcare workers.

Improve Nutrition: Provide nutrition education and ensure access to nutritious foods.

Reduce Early Marriage: Educate and empower girls to delay marriage and childbearing.

Prevent Domestic Violence: Public education and support services are crucial to addressing this risk factor.


Maternal and infant health in Pakistan demand urgent attention. Collaborative efforts from the government and stakeholders are essential to improve access to healthcare, nutrition, and education, ultimately reducing maternal and infant mortality rates.