Top 5 Common Pediatric Illnesses Among Children in Pakistan

Pediatric ailments exhibit variability across different nations, and within the context of Pakistan's status as a developing country, it grapples with a spectrum of prevalent pediatric diseases. Here, we delve into the most commonly reported pediatric diseases observed in Pakistani hospitals.

Gastrointestinal Distress: Diarrhea

Diarrhea manifests as loose and watery stools, frequently leading to pediatric hospitalizations. Bacterial, viral, or parasitic infections primarily contribute to this ailment.


Unhygienic food consumption, food intolerances, and certain medications like antibiotics are major contributors to diarrhea. Inflammatory conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) can also trigger this ailment, necessitating tailored treatments based on the specific cause.

Rehydration Importance

Given that dehydration is a critical complication associated with diarrhea, emphasis is placed on increased fluid intake. Oral rehydration solutions are commonly prescribed to manage dehydration effectively.

Preventive Measures

Hygiene maintenance, consumption of clean and germ-free food, and regular handwashing are essential preventive measures. Understanding the best and worst foods during diarrhea aids in managing the condition.

Life-Threatening Infection: Typhoid

Typhoid, or enteric fever, poses a life-threatening bacterial infection risk, potentially leading to intestinal perforation and internal bleeding if left untreated.


Bacteria, specifically Salmonella typhi and Salmonella paratyphi, cause typhoid. Contaminated food is a primary mode of transmission, and prevalence is higher in populations with inadequate hygiene practices.


Typhoid symptoms encompass high-grade fever, constipation, diarrhea, loss of appetite, skin red spots, severe headaches, and malaise. Inadequately treated, typhoid may result in intestinal perforations.

Preventive Measures

Adhering to hygienic food practices, vaccination against typhoid, consuming treated water, and frequent handwashing are crucial preventive actions.

Highly Contagious Viral Infection: Flu (Influenza)

Influenza, commonly known as the flu, is a highly contagious viral infection that particularly affects children, with symptoms appearing suddenly and potentially leading to complications such as pneumonia.


Characterized by a sudden onset, symptoms include cough, sore throat, fever, chills, and chest congestion, often resulting in loss of appetite.

Red Alerts

Emergency signs like blue lips, breathing difficulties, and seizures warrant immediate medical attention if observed in children.

Preventive Measures

Personal hygiene maintenance, avoidance of contact with sick individuals, and regular hand sanitization contribute to flu prevention.

Lung Inflammation: Pneumonia

Pneumonia, an inflammation of the lungs due to infection, can result from viral, bacterial, or fungal sources and may pose respiratory difficulties.


Pneumonia symptoms include cough with phlegm, breathing difficulties, chills, fever, and chest pain. Children may exhibit restlessness, breathing challenges, and fatigue during infection.

Preventive Measures

Vaccination, personal hygiene, and frequent handwashing are preventive measures against pneumonia.

Highly Contagious Infection: Chickenpox

Caused by the varicella-zoster virus, chickenpox is an extremely contagious infection primarily affecting children but can also impact adults.


Characterized by an itchy rash with pink-colored blisters, chickenpox also induces fever, weakness, and loss of appetite.


Vaccination and avoiding direct contact with infected individuals are key preventive measures.


Most prevalent pediatric diseases in Pakistan can be mitigated through vaccination and adherence to basic hygiene practices. GiveCase conducts medical camps nationwide, offering free consultations and diagnostic tests for patients in need. Support our mission by contributing to this cause today.